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00:00:00 - Becoming a barber

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Partial Transcript: INGRAM: Here this morning to interview Mr. J. D. Hall, who is an entrepreneur and independent businessman from Ypsilanti. Mr. Hall has typically been known or referred to as Mr. Bucks, originally came from the Sou—the South, Arkansas. Mr. Hall, where were you born?

HALL: I was born in Louisiana, raised in Arkansas.

INGRAM: What year?

Segment Synopsis: Mr. Hall responds to questions about his family background, including his ten brothers and sisters, and his journey to Ypsilanti. Mr. Hall then describes his route to becoming a barber and apprenticing under Ypsilanti's Sam Travis.

Keywords: African-American barbers; Alma Newt; Ann Arbor, Michigan; Ann Street; Catherine Hall Smith; Great Migration; J.D. Hall; John Easley; John Hall; Joseph Hall; Libbie Hall William; Lillie Hall; Loraine Hall Wells; Lucille Hall Prentis; Sam Travis; Santin McKenny; Tom Hall; Wes Hall; Wes Hall Jr.; Willie Jean Hall Currie; Ypsilanti, Michigan

Subjects: African American families. African American barbers.

00:07:33 - Opening barbershops in Ypsilanti and Ann Arbor

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Partial Transcript: INGRAM: Um, while, while an apprentice under this individual, once you completed your apprenticeship, what made you decide to strike out on your own, and open up your own barber shop?

HALL: Well, I tell you what I saw, a great need for service, this service, uh, personal service, there was no barber shop that was actually what we as we were barbers who went to barber school and we had learned all of the theory and uh, and the sanitation, requirements, and I know that to be, at the time, see, people said, well, they thought in terms of [going to] barber being a, a thing that you don’t need to go to school for, man [is to] know how to cut hair he don’t need to go to school for it, but there’s so many things that, that, uh, that was, the older barbers didn’t know at the time, the barber shop was called, at that time was called the ‘germ carriers’ almost among, some people, because

Segment Synopsis: Mr. Hall details how he came to open a barbershop in Ypsilanti in the 1940s and what the situation for Black businesses in the city. He also talks about opening a shop in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Keywords: African American barbers. African American business enterprises.

Subjects: African-American barbers; Amos Washington; Ann Arbor, Michigan; Bill English; Buffalo St.; Dr. Albert Wheeler; Dr. Perry; Eugene Beatty; George Moorman; Harriet School; Harriet Street; Herbert Francois; High St.; J.D. Hall; Jim English; John Burton; Marshall Books Store; Michigan Avenue Hall; Monroe St.; Mr. Shackleford; National Building, Ann Arbor; Segregation in Ypsilanti; State St.; Washington Brothers Grocery; Ypsilanti Black businesses; Ypsilanti Housing Authority; Ypsilanti, Michigan

00:20:17 - Observations on Wasthenaw County race relations

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Partial Transcript: INGRAM: After being in Ypsilanti and setting up [bill and your] business in nineteen-forty-eight, after having already been there for a while, overall, could you tell me what some of your general observations were of uh, of the black community in Ypsilanti? What did you see as some of the major problems facing the black community in Ypsilanti, during that time?

HALL: Motivation is one.

Segment Synopsis: Mr. Hall talks about race relations in Washtenaw County and how moved to the Township to be in the country and have access to both Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti. Mr. Hall responds to questions about the business, church and political leaders in Ypsilanti and Ann Arbor when he arrived.

Keywords: Black churches in Washtenaw County; Dr. Perry; Eugene Beatty; Garther Roberson; Great Migration; J.D. Hall; John Barfield; John Burton; Mattie Dorsey; Race relations in Ypsilanti, Michigan; Racial segregation in Washtenaw County; Reverend Carpenter; S.L. Roberson; Urban Renewal in Ypsilanti; Ypsilanti School Board; Ypsilanti south side; Ypsilanti, Michigan

Subjects: Race relations--Michigan--History. African American leadership.

00:36:45 - A leader in local business

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Partial Transcript: INGRAM: What are, what are, what are the, what, what other businesses do you own, or are you into other, other than the barber shop?

HALL: Well, I tell you what, I own a barber shop, [actually] a beauty shop, has been my,

Segment Synopsis: J.D. Hall talks about his role as a business leader in the Black community of Washtenaw County. He describes apprenticing new barbers and why he chose to open an asphalt company.

Keywords: Ann Arbor, Michigan; Hall's barbershop; J.D. Hall; Universal Asphalt Company; Ypsilanti, Michigan, Black barbers

Subjects: African American leadership. African American business enterprises. African American barbers.