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00:00:00 - Family and coming to Ypsilanti

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Partial Transcript: MARSHALL: Now! Mrs. Bass, uh, uh, when did you come to Ypsilanti?

BASS: In 1943.

MARSHALL: Were you married before you came here? You came here—did you-did you and the Doc come at the same time or was he here?

BASS: Oh no, he was here, and I was sick and I went to him as a physician.

MARSHALL: Oh! [laughter]

BASS: I had lived in Ann Arbor,

Segment Synopsis: Mrs. Louise (Lane) Bass gives A.P. Marshall a brief history of her family and how she came to Ypsilanti and married Dr. Thomas Bass.

Keywords: African-American Girls Scouts Troops; African-American doctors; Ann Arbor, Michigan; Ann Bass Berutti; Blytheville, Arkansas; Dr. Bass; Fort Smith, Arkansas; Great Migration; Hampton College; Leah Bass Little; Louise Bass; Malvern, Arkansas; Mike Bass; School of Public Health; Ypsilanti, Michigan

Subjects: African American families.

00:10:12 - Clubs, Parkridge Center, and neighborhood nurseries

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Partial Transcript: MARSHALL: Which center was that?

BASS: Parkridge Center.

MARSHALL: Oh, Parkridge Center.

Segment Synopsis: Mrs. Bass details some of the history of the Parkridge Community Center, and some of the many church and community clubs she was involved in, including the Palm Leaf Club. Mrs. Bass also talks about the efforts to establish a community nursery to serve Ypsilanti's south side African-American neighborhood.

Keywords: 738 Harriet Street; African-American Girl Scout Troops; African-American women's clubs; Belle Morton; Carver Community Center; Eastern Michigan University; Ernie Slater; Ethel Neely; Eugene Beatty; First Avenue; Harriet Street; Hawkins Street; Jesse Rutherford; Kitty VanSlyke; Leo Clark; Louise Bass; Mary Louise Foley; Mattie Dorsey; Michigan State Association of Colored Women's Clubs; National Association of Colored Women's Clubs; National Bank; Palm Leaf Club; Parkridge Community Center; Peter Fletcher; Sylvia Vick; Teenagers Club; Thelma Goodman; Washington Street; Winifred Wilson; Ypsilanti Association of Clubs; Ypsilanti south side; Ypsilanti, Michigan

Subjects: African Americans--Social life and customs.

00:30:27 - Brown Chapel AME: A life in the church

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Partial Transcript: MARSHALL: Well, in the meantime, during this time also, you also got involved in Brown Chapel.

BASS: Yeah, I joined Brown Chapel when I was pregnant with Michael.

MARSHALL:Yeah. OK. And your first—what were your first responsibilities down there?

Segment Synopsis: Both members of Ypsilanti's historic Brown Chapel AME church, A.P. Marshall and Mrs. Bass have a long discussion on the various pastors of the church and the issues facing the congregation. Mrs. Bass talks about her many roles in the church and gives her opinion on several pastors and some of the controversies and challenges the congregation faced.

Keywords: African Methodist Episcopal; Betsy Newton; Brotherhood Banquet; Brown Chapel AME; Business and Professional League; Dr. Thomas Bass; Erlene Odum; Flint, Michigan; Garvin Freeman; Genevieve Williams; Historic African-American churches; James Moore; Jane Newlon; Lois Cook; Louis Freeman; Louise Lane Bass; McKenny Union; Mike Bass; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Raveena Parker; Rev. Johnson; Rev. Knowles; Rev. Paterson; Rev. Roberts; Rev. Smith; Rev. Stewart; Reverend Powell; Sarah VanSlyke; South Adams Street; Trustee Board; Trustee Emeritus; Usher Board; Ypsilanti, Michigan

Subjects: African American churches.

00:50:39 - Civic activism

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Partial Transcript: MARSHALL: Well, um, let me see, the other thing I wanted to ask you, now, in the years you’ve been here, have you been involved in much, uh, in, in, you told me about some of it, but have you been involved in any other thing concerning city politics, city goings-on, and so forth?

BASS: Um, I had, I had—

MARSHALL: Anything that would make you go to city council meetings?

Segment Synopsis: A.P. Marshall asks Mrs. Bass about her involvement with local politics and city government. Mrs. Bass details her various struggles and positions over issues affecting her work and the community. Mrs. Bass also relates how she was hired to be a teacher with the Ypsilanti Public Schools.

Keywords: African-Americans in Ypsilanti City Government; Amos Washington; Beth Milford; Community Fund Board; Errol Brown; First Avenue; Frank Seymour; John H Burton; Louise Lane Bass; Mattie Dorsey; Mildred Harris; Mrs. Stinson; Perry School; Ypsilanti City Council; Ypsilanti school segregation

Subjects: Political participation. African American educators.

00:59:39 - Becoming a teacher

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Partial Transcript: MARSHALL: Oh, Ardis, oh, Ardis, A-R-D-I-S.

BASS: Yeah. See,

MARSHALL: [Now, you mean]

BASS: he had worked with me in the, with the PTA because when Perry School didn’t get what they were supposed to have, I went down there

Segment Synopsis: Mrs. Bass elaborates on the discussion of her experiences with Ypsilanti Public Schools and her struggle to get hired as a teacher. She also talks about her role in the Parent Teacher Association and her struggles with the School Board and her husband's tenure at Beyer Hospital.

Keywords: A.P. Marshall; African-American Parent-Teacher Associations; African-American teachers in Ypsilanti; Ardis; Beth Milford; Beyer Hospital; Dr. Thomas Bass; Human Relations Commission, Ypsilanti; Leo Clark; Louise Bass; Perry School; Walter Erickson; Ypsilanti High School; Ypsilanti School Board; Ypsilanti, Michigan; school segregation

Subjects: African American educators. African American physicians.

01:06:44 - Race relations in the Ypsilanti

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Partial Transcript: MARSHALL: And there were a lot of things that, that I, uh, wondered about in those days. What-what, what was your, what was your general evaluation, what would be your general evaluation of the way that Ypsilanti kept up with the changing times—and that’s that period in there from about 1945 on up to…

BASS: Well, I don’t think Ypsilanti kept up at all.

MARSHALL: In other words, you had to fight for every inch?

BASS: Every inch.

Segment Synopsis: Mrs. Bass is asked about her view of how race relations and the situation of Ypsilanti's Black community has changed, or not, over the forty years since she arrived in the city in the 1940s. She discusses some challenges she sees facing the Black community and how the issues of poverty need to be addressed in all communities.

Keywords: African-American Girl Scouts; Amos Washington; Ben Neely; Blackburn; Brown Chapel AME; Campus Service Corp; Doris Hallofield; Dr. Thomas Bass; Drum Corp; Eastern Michigan University; Eugene Beatty; Francis Young; Jane Reyberg; Jesse Rutherford; Marie Arnett; Peggy Neely; Reverend Smith; University of Michigan; Val Eaglin; Ypsilanti High School; Ypsilanti segregation; Ypsilanti, Michigan; campus-community relationship

Subjects: Race relations--Michigan--Ypsilanti--History.